Sunday 10 July 2016

Profile of Badri Narain Sinha

About the Author
Sri Badri Narain Sinha IPS

Badri Narain Sinha rose from a purely rural background in Bihar on the sheer strength of his merit to become a member of the Indian Police Service of 1952 batch in Bihar cadre, the first one in his family to do so.
He died in harness on 8th November 1979 even without completing his half-century.
Apart from the exceptional alchemy of brain and brawn that he displayed as an administrator and police officer, he was a thinker, littérateur, poet, a secular devout who broke bread with Muslims during the holy month of Ramzan as much as practicing austere Hindu fast during the whole month of Karthik, personifying in his life the multi-faceted moral actions that he highlights as Gandhi’s character and, therefore, his message in his writings on the Mahatma.
·         Born 4th April, 1930 at Darbhanga, Bihar
·         Completed MA in English Literature from Patna University in 1949 at the age of 19
·         Earlier Lecturer in English at C. M. College, Darbhanga from where he had earlier obtained his BA degree
·         Later worked as Lecturer at Ranchi College, Ranchi
·         Started his literary pursuits as a teenager
·         Articles written by him in his student days were published in renowned dailies like ‘Aaj’, ‘Nav Rashtra’ and other publications
·         An acclaimed literary critic and reputed writer of Hindi Literature

·         Authored "PRATHMIKI" a landmark work in Hindi criticism in 1965 and followed it up with "AAJ TAK KEE" in 1967, its companion volume.
·         Published "TATKA ADAM" a book of modern Hindi poetry in 1966
·         Also published a book in Hindi "AB BAHU SEY SAB JAN HITAY" with the life of Mahatma Gandhi as its subject in 1966
·         Wrote "STUDENTS' REVOLT", a concise book on students’ unrest.
·         Awarded Special Prize by the Uttar Pradesh Government for his magnum-opus unique research and study on criminology entitled "AAPRADHIKI" in 1976. This pioneering work, the first of its kind written originally in Hindi, won the "Best Book of the year Award" from the Bihar Rashtra Bhasha Parishad in 1978.

·         Other works:
MAINA KE ULAJH GAYE DAYNA (1966), a novelette in Hindi with four stories in a new genre
Yeh Hindi Hindavi Hai (1966), an essay on the anti- Hindi agitation in south India and relevance of a national language
Aaj Kay Sandarbh Mein Gandhi, an essay on the trlrvance of Gandhi in today’s context
Ek Arthi Ek Janaja (1967), a short story on two friends, one Hindu and other Moslem, killed in communal riots when he was SP Bhagalpur, which he wrote overnight in the Police control room, got printed and distributed the next day, thereby helping restore sanity to the madding mobs and bring back normalcy to the town in a short time.

·         Works published posthumously:
Translated his Hindi epic on Mahatma Gandhi into English, captioned as "MAN THOU CAN" a portrait in poetry of Bapu wherein he delineated Gandhi’s life in seven cantos equivalent to the seven colours of rainbow. It was got published posthumously in the year 1982 by his eldest son Sri Anandvardhan Sinha, IAS and the book was released by the then Governor of Bihar Dr. A. R. Kidwai in August 1983.
"AGANTUKA" a collection of poems in Hindi was published by his eldest son Sri Anandvardhan Sinha, IAS in the year 1984
JP’s Movement (Feb, 1993) is a ringside account of the historic movement led by Jayprakash Narayan in the mid-seventies (1974-77) of 20th Century, calling for “Total Revolution”, leading to the promulgation of the infamous National Emergency on June 25-26th 1975 and eventual defeat of Indira Gandhi at the hustings during the Parliamentary elections in March 1977

·         Translations
His second son, Adhar Sinha IAS, following in his brother’s footsteps had the privilege of getting translated into Telugu MAN THOU CAN as ‘Manishi Nee ke Asadhyam Aedi!’ and publish as a bilingual edition with the original in the year 2001.
Jayprakash Aandolan: Ek Jhalak, translation of JP’s Movement into Hindi

·         Unpublished works
"The Naxalite Movement’’ a study of the Naxalite Movement in India with special reference to Bihar
HEY GANGEY & BHAR MASS SANYAS (Month-long Penance) his spiritual diaries
JHANKIYAN, a compilation of short stories written from time to time
Pratinidhi Gaddya, jointly with his wife Smt. Indu Prabha Sinha, MA, a compilation of representative Hindi essays, memoirs, editorials, plays and other forms of modern prose
Hindi Criticism: Past, Present and Future

·         Founder-Editor of "BIHAR POLICE PATRIKA" the official organ of the Bihar Police, a mantle which he carried till his premature end.

·         Appointed to the Indian Police Service in 1952
·         Training at IPS Academy at Mt. Abu, Rajasthan
·         Served as Assistant Superintendent of Police, Sasaram from 1955 to 1956
·         Served in Bihar Military Police as
Commandant 2nd Battalion, Dehri-on-Sone from 1957 to 1958
Founder Commandant 8th Battalion, Phulvarisharif, Patna 1964-1965
·         Served as Superintendent of Police at four places
Superintendent of Police, Champaran for 3 years from 1958 to 19613
Superintendent of Police, Bhagalpur for 3 years from 1965 to 1968
Superintendent of Railway Police, Muzaffarpur for 2 years 1968-70
Senior Superintendent at Police, Ran­chi from 1970 to 1971
·       Promoted and appointed Deputy Inspector General of Police and Member Secretary, Bihar Police Manual Revision Committee in June 1971. He took up the onerous task of revising and translating the outdated Bihar Police Manual single-handedly and with single-minded dedication as the so called committee existed on paper only.
·      Deputed to Government of India
Appointed as Chief Security Officer, National Coal Development Corporation, Ranchi from 1972 to 1974.
He was instrumental in taking over private coal mines into NCDC’s control and set up regular security force as precursor of CISF.

·         Worked as Deputy Inspector General of Police, Central Range, Patna from 1974 to 1977

·         Later Deputy Inspector General of Police, Criminal Investigation Department (CID) till his death in harness on 8th November, 1979


·         Was awarded the Indian Police Medal in 1971 for his meritorious and distinguished services

·         Decorated with the President's Police Medal in August, 1979, just before his premature death

·         Lectured at
o   Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Mount Abu, Rajasthan and later at Hyderabad when it was shifted there in 1975
o   Administrative Training Institute, Ranchi
o   Police Training College, Hazaribagh

o   Internal Security Academy, Mount Abu

o   Anthropological Survey of India, Calcutta

·         Contributor to the Journal of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie

·         Wrote extensively in newspapers and magazines.

·         Gave talks on All India Radio from Patna station.
·         Sahityakar Badri Narain Sinha: A Critical Analysis of His Works was compiled on his life and works up to 1965 by Editors Goswami Madan Gopal “Arvind” & Nripendra Nath Gupta M.A, Publisher Bhagwati Prasad Agarwal, Vikramshila Sahitya Sammelan, Kahalgaon, Bhagalpur, 7th May 1966 price Rs.2/-

·         ‘From Naxalbari to Ekbari’ printed in The Searchlight, Patna, June 11-13, 1975

As DIG (Naxalite operations), Sinha showed rare intellectual integrity and courage by writing three articles in the English daily The Searchlight recognising the Naxalite movement as a socio-economic and political issue and not just as a mere policing job.

In these pioneering articles, Sinha stated, “putting in zealous and dedicated social reformers drawn from all shades to bring about transformation on the socio-cultural planes’ is as much a part of ‘the counter-insurgency measures’ as ‘concentrated police operations or operations by the special task forces, may be from the supreme armed formation, the army itself.”

This has been seen as major critical interpretation of the movements like Bhoodan in India started by Vinoba Bhave.

The author describes Sinha as ‘an erudite and knowledgeable police chief.

Adapted from Arvind N. Das, (Ed.), Agrarian Movements in India: Studies on 20th Century Bihar, First Published in 1982 in Great Britain by Frank Cass and Company Limited, and in United States of America by Frank Cass and Company Limited.

·         Public Contribution

Founder of Shankar Shah Vikramashila (SSV) Mahavidyalaya at Kahalgaon in Bhagalpur district while working as SP there by pooling public contribution including a big building on a hillock from a philanthropist after whom he prefixed the name of the college based on the famous ancient Vikramashila University.

Vikramashila was one of the two most important centers of Buddhist learning in India during the Pala empire, along with Nalanda, established by King Dharmapala (783 to 820) in response to a supposed decline in the quality of scholarship at Nalanda.

Thus he pioneered many decades ago what is now advocated as Public-private partnership (PPP) model of development, tangibly fostering the concept of community policing in India and building bridges to contain students' unrest.

·         A spiritualist and a humanist.

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